Teleworking & E-Shopping
Technological advances in recent years have made it possible for people to complete many tasks from the comfort of their own home, including working and shopping. Increases in the prevalence of teleworking seem to be occurring in situations where individuals work remotely only on a part-time basis. People who telework seem to shift their trip times to non-traditional commute hours; working remotely does not seem to reduce the total number of trips that a person takes.
From 2000 to 2014 the amount of money spent by people in the United States while shopping online increased from $27.5 billion to $297.5 billion (Figure 1).1 Just like in teleworking, e-shopping does not seem to reduce the number of trips that individuals take to stores, though trip patterns may change. The impacts of changing delivery patterns on transportation and freight systems must be considered as they present challenges to the ways that goods move in Minnesota today.
Figure 1: Total spent through e-shopping in the United States
1. United States Census